Butyl acetate manufacturing:
Butyl acetate is usually manufactured by Fischer’s esterification of butanol and acetic acid with sulfuric acid as a catalyst under reflux conditions with this reaction:
The apple flavor, especially the red variety, is due to the presence of this chemical substance. The pheromones released by the Koschevnikov gland of honey bees also contain butyl acetate.
Butyl acetate is also known as “Butyl Khalat”. It is a colorless liquid, and its chemical formula is CH3COO(CH2)3CH3 with molecular weight 116.16 g/mol, melting point -77 °C and boiling point between 125 and 126 °C. It is soluble in water and miscible with alcohol and ether. It also dissolves in most hydrocarbons. The possible symptoms of high exposure to butyl acetate are headache, drowsiness, sedation, and the irritation of eyes, respiratory and skin.
The uses of Butyl acetate:
This substance is used in the artificial leather tanning industry, photographic film, plastic and safety glass.