Historically, this acid has many names such as acid salt, hydrochloric acid and salt spirit as it is produced from saltpetre and green glass.
It was prepared for the first time by the scientist Jaber bin Hayyan and its preparing methods were mentioned in Basil Valentine writings in Europe in the 15th century. Basil Valentine explained hydrochloric acid in the 16th century and many chemists such as Joseph Priestley, Humphry Davy and Johann Rudolf Gallober used it in their researches, and Johann Rudolf Gallober produced it from common salt and Sulfuric acid in the 17th century.
Hydrochloric acid was called salt spirit by Jaber bin Hayyan.
It is a strong mineral acid, a watery solution and the main component of gastrointestinal system juice that helps the body use food.